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精准地道地表达观点——Introductory Words

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楼主:文冰纪  2014-6-6 11:46:53【学习交流】

如果在论文中你想把“谁谁谁说”表达的稍微学术一点,那我们可以考虑一下其他阐述观点的表达方式。但这并不意味着人名和动词的随机排列组合,语境和语气态度在这里非常重要。下面是一些在英国大学中广泛认可的表达方式以及适用语境,参考一下可以有效地避免过度重复以及语言不准确不地道的问题。这份表格只是为了帮助大家快速了解表达观点的方法,而真正的理解依旧需要在日常文献阅读中对这份表格进行不断的检验。狭义上讲这些内容适用于本科与研究生课程环境,来自The Ultimate Study Handbook的作者之一Colin爷爷(这爷爷上课板书的时候单膝跪地,英国绅士与老男人及优雅的学术气质瞬间花痴啊不用听课了orz……)。

(来自:http://blog.renren.com/share/401041622/17339850143

        
        
Ways of Presenting Ideas and Arguments

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2楼 冰纪: 2017-10-4 19:43:49
Ways of Presenting Ideas and Arguments

引入类型
Types of writing
适用表述
Ways you might present this in your essay
1
当作者对自己所陈述的内容非常肯定,坚定不移时
When the writer is very committed, even passionate, about the ideas he/she writes
X asserts that…
X strongly argues that…
X firmly believes that…
X is committed to the idea that…
2
当作者引述极为具体细致的论据来论证其观点时
When the writer presents detailed evidence in support of his/her ideas
The work of X shows that…
X concludes that…
X found that…
X discovered that…
X learned that…
3
当作者本身对其所引述或陈述的观点持谨慎保留的态度时
When the writer is quite cautious and restrained about the ideas he/she puts forward
Research by X indicates that…
X suggests that…
4
当作者仅凭个人经验表达观点时
When the writer puts forward ideas based on their personal experiences only
The work of X indicates that…
X believes that…
X feels that…
5
当作者引述在读者看来值得质疑的观点时
When the writer puts forward ideas you are rather suspicious or skeptical about
X claims that…
X believes that…
According to X…
6
当作者非常直率地陈述观点,并辅以相当显而易见且理由充分的论据支持时
When the writer appears to report something in a straight-forward way, backed up with apparently good reasons for the ideas presented
X states that…
X reports that…
X notes that…
X found that…
X observes that…
X concludes that…
As X points out, …
X has drawn attention to the fact that…
X argues that…


非常感谢Colin Neville教授,资料版权归Colin教授所有。
Special thanks go to Professor Colin Neville, copyright reserved.

本帖于2017-10-4 19:44:28被 冰纪 修改过